According to the Global Biodiversity Soil Atlas, India’s soil is at a grave risk. This was published by the World Wide Fund and has put Indian soil at ‘high risk’.
The WWF cites reasons such as:
- Above ground diversity
- Over Grazing
- Intensive agriculture
- Soil erosion
- Climate change
India’s carbon footprint was found to be 1.75 hectares/ person.
This is a measure of human demand on ‘natural capital’. This is the measure of the demand each person makes on the available natural resources.
This is a way to assess sustainability.
The report made by WWF states that 150 million bee colonies are needed to pollinate India’s agricultural land. India has only 1.2 million colonies for its 50 million hectares.
India’s freshwater species dropped by 83% in 2014. The wetlands which are ‘biodiversity hotspots’ are waning as well.